A comparison of the hero and antagonist in epic poem paradise lost by john milton

Post-Cyberpunkbeing a reaction against the extreme Romanticism of the Cyberpunk genre, is the most obvious example. Is a Crapshootcreating an AI is asking for war. Scale of Scientific Sins: Portraying some branches of science and technology as inherently evil.

A comparison of the hero and antagonist in epic poem paradise lost by john milton

Volume 3, Issue 3, MayPages: To cite this article: International Journal of Literature and Arts. There are controversial debates over this issue, and most critics believe that, although Satan acts and speaks heroically, God is the real hero of the poem, not Satan.

The paper adopts the analytical approach. The findings of the paper reveal that the central character Satan is a devil that acts for his own self-interests, and cannot do good, even to his followers, the fallen angels.

The paper finally shows that, every impulse in Satan towards good has died out. The element of nobility that redeemed his character at the outset from absolute baseness has been killed. Hardly therefore shall we believe that Milton meant us to see in the fallen and ever falling archangel the hero of his poem.

That position surely belongs to Adam.

A comparison of the hero and antagonist in epic poem paradise lost by john milton

This view originated during the Romantic age, with its rebellion against all established forms of authority and its emphasis on the development of personality whether in the author or in one of his characters.

He expressed this opinion chiefly in relation to the portrayal of Satan who, according to him, has been depicted as a character possessing certain grand qualities worthy of the highest admiration. Other romantic critics supported this view with great enthusiasm.

Shelleyfor instance, reinforced this view when, in his "Defense of Poetry," he said: It is a mistake to suppose that he could ever have been intended for the popular personification of evil.

According to Shelly Ibidit was a mistake to think that Satan was intended by Milton as the popular personification of evil. This argument is still very much alive and valid today. But the most eloquent and balanced expression of the Romantic view has been given by William Hazlitt.

Hazlitt shows both the strength and the limitations of this view, and according to him, Satan is the most heroic subject that was ever chosen for a poem; and the execution is as perfect as the design is lofty.

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In the poem, Satan was endowed with certain attributes which are worthy of epic heroes, and which make him a sympathetic, almost tragic character. His limbs are long and large; his bulk is as huge as that of the Titan who fought against Jove or that of Leviathan which God of all His works created hugest that swim the ocean stream.

He has a mighty stature so that, when he rises, the flames on both sides of him are driven backward and roll in billows. He carries a ponderous, massy, and large shield on his shoulder. This shield is compared to the moon as seen through a telescope. His spear is so big that the tallest pine tree would be but a wand by comparison, etc.

A comparison of the hero and antagonist in epic poem paradise lost by john milton

This description may be valid if we consider the epic as showing Satan as a character who "materializes hope, basing his hopes to gain power on the acquisition of land" Fenton, Combined to these great qualities, Satan was the first of created beings who, for endeavoring to be equal with the highest and to divide the empire of Heaven with the Almighty, was hurled down to Hell.

His aim was no less than the throne of the universe. His ambition was the greatest, and his punishment was the greatest, but not so his despair, for his fortitude was as great as his sufferings.

Slotkinas cited in Smilie, is also of the view that "God's punishments turn their victims into allegories of their own crimes"a notion confirmed by Satan's famous assertion "Myself am Hell" IV.

His strength of mind was matchless as his strength of body. His power of action and of suffering was equal.

He was the greatest power that was ever overthrown, with the strongest will left to resist or to endure. He was baffled, not confounded.

He still stood like a tower, proudly eminent in shape and gesture. An outcast from Heaven, Hell trembles beneath his feet; Sin and Death are at his heels, and mankind are his easy prey. All is not lost; the unconquerable will, And study of revenge, immortal hate, And courage never to submit or yield, And what else is not to be overcome.

Yet Satan is not the principle of malignity, or of the abstract love of evil, but of the abstract love of power, or pride, of self-will personified.Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin Describe Satan's character in Book I of Paradise Lost by John Milton.

1 educator answer Discuss Paradise Lost, written by John Milton, as an epic. Paradise Lost is an epic of John Milton, a seventeenth century English author, known for being the greatest reader in English history. The poem goes back to the beginning of time and tells of the rebellion of Satan and his followers, the war in that took place in heaven, and the defeat of Satan.

Characteristics of a Classical Hero Demonstrated in The Labours of Hercules - “The Labours of Hercules” introduces the most famous Greek hero in mythology, Hercules. This compilation is dedicated to the memory of our nameless forebears, who were the inventors of the pens and inks, paper and incunabula, glyphs and alphabets.

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Paradise Lost: The Poem