Original usage[ edit ] The word Ebonics was originally coined in by African American social psychologist Robert Williams  in a discussion with linguist Ernie Smith as well as other language scholars and researchers that took place in a conference on "Cognitive and Language Development of the Black Child", held in St.
Nichols asserts the rights of language minority students, implying that students for whom English is not native define that group.
December 18, Oakland, California school board passes a resolution defining Ebonics as the native language of 28, African American students within that school district. The media in reporting the continuing dialogue surrounding this issue were largely unaware of this distinction interminology, leading to more confusion in the ensuing months.
January 15, At a special meeting of the Oakland school board, a revised version of the controversial resolutions was passed. This is significant in that it more closely aligns the position of Oakland with that issued by linguists at LSA.
January 16, Texas calls for additional research and information to resolve educational problems confronting African American students.
January 23, Representative Maxine Waters D. January 23, The hearing shifts to comments from Oakland educators and an Oakland high school senior of considerable academic distinction.
January 23, The next speakers are an African American minister, a conservative African American radio talk show host both of whom were highly critical of Ebonics January 23, Four scholars speak before the Senate, including Michael Casserly, Executive director of the Council of the Great City Schools, Orlando Taylor, dean of Graduate studies at Howard University, William Labov, internationally acclaimed leader in the field of sociolinguistics, and Robert L.
January 23, The Senate hearing end with Senator Specter stating that he fully expected to convene one or more hearings with other witnesses who had not yet had an opportunity to testify.
In the end, no such hearings were convened. There were many examples of racist reactions and political satire which followed the hearings, and Ebonics continues to be a topic under national discussion. However, as media attention began to diminish after the hearings, so too did the political fireworks that had been ignited.
To this day, the Senate hearings have not been reconvened, and no new legislation has been passed to significantly address the problems facing African American students in schools today. One might argue as I have that current classifications are too restrictive Baughor one might argue as Oakland did that African Americans, by way of their Ebonic linguistic inheritance, already meet existing criteria for LEP.
Neither approach has made any real headway because the prevailing political climate is such that most citizens link standard English to intelligence and personal discipline. Oxford University Press, Additional Resources: The conference was convened as a platform for national scholars to articulate their views about what the United States must do in order to meet the academic needs of African American and other students, with respect to language variation.
Prior to his tenure at Stanford, Dr. His work bridges theoretical and applied linguistics, with particular attention to matters of policy and social equity in the fields of education, medicine, and the law.
He has conducted extensive research regarding the social stratification of linguistic diversity within the U. Baugh is a past president of the American Dialect Society and a member of the usage advisory committee for the American Heritage English Dictionary.
He has also served as consultant on several documentary films related to American language and as an expert witness in court cases where matters of voice recognition and language attitudes have been central. Baugh received his B.A two-year-old term created by a group of black scholars, Ebonics may be defined as "the linguistic and paralinguistic features which on a concentric continuum represent the communicative competence of the West African, Caribbean, and United States slave descendants of African origin.
Black English Essay Examples. 20 total results. An Introduction to Black English and Ebonics. 1, words. A Discussion on the Controversy of Ebonics in the United States.
1, words. The United States Explaining the Black English Ebonics. 1, words.
At a special meeting of the Oakland school board, a revised version of the controversial resolutions was passed. A major change stated that Ebonics is “not merely a dialect of English” a different stance from the original document which had claimed that there was no relationship between English and Ebonics.
Apr 26, · Home Forums > Discussion and Debate > Discussion and Debate > Politics > American Politics > United States Non-Denom Private Erika Gallagher argues that schools must allow for minority students to speak in ebonics. Comprehending Ebonics Immigrant groups from every part of the world have routinely brought their languages to the United States, save one: African Americans.
Ebonics Controversy Abstract The purpose of this paper is to examine and discuss two articles which explore the current controversy regarding the confusion of approaching Ebonics in the Oakland school district.
It will discuss the four key terms, pidgin, creole, dialect, and language, which were misunderstood and misused by the Oakland School Board.