American involvement in the vietnam war in 1968

The American involvement in Vietnam Thousands of books have been written on the issue of the American involvement in the Vietnam War. Prior to American involvement in the region Vietnam was a French colonial territory. Ho traveled all over the world seeking help in gaining Vietnamese independence, but most importantly, he tried for 30 years to work through establishment processes to secure Vietnamese independence. He traveled to France, he put himself through school in France, he wrote letters to the French government, he tried to get a job in the French government to work from within the system, and he even tried to contact President Woodrow Wilson after World War I, but he was always rejected, always turned away.

American involvement in the vietnam war in 1968

US involvement in Vietnam John F. Kennedy briefs the press about the situation in Vietnam, American involvement in Vietnam began during World War II, increased in the s and reached its peak in the late s.

The Viet Minh was formed the same year, as an underground movement to resist both the French and Japanese.

Milestones: 1961–1968

These agents formed a working alliance with Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh, who assisted with safeguarding and repatriating American pilots downed over Vietnamese territory. It was an arrangement based on wartime expedience rather than political similarities.

The Viet Minh leader hoped to demonstrate that his own political values were not far removed from those of the US. AfterAmerican involvement in Vietnam was driven and shaped by the Cold War.

American foreign policy was largely shaped by the Truman Doctrinewhich held that communism must be contained and that governments susceptible to communist infiltration and takeover must be assisted.

If this did not occur then communism would expand its global reach, jumping from one nation to its neighbours the Domino Theory. This particularly relevant to Asia, where national governments were weaker and borders were poorly controlled; Asian nations, therefore, had a lower capacity for resisting communist infiltration and invasion.

Having spread from China to North Korea, American planners believed that communism would continue its movement further south to nations like Vietnam, LaosCambodiaThailand, Burma, Malaya and Indonesia. If these countries fell then communists would rule more than one-quarter of the globe: And many of you ask this question: Why is the United States spending hundreds of millions of dollars supporting the forces of the French Union in the fight against communism in Indochina?

If Indochina falls, Thailand is put in an almost impossible position. The same is true of Malaya, with its rubber and tin. The same is true of Indonesia.

If this whole part of south-east Asia goes under communist domination or communist influence, Japan, who trade and must trade with this area in order to exist, must inevitably be oriented towards the communist regime.

That indicates to you and to all of us why it is vitally important that Indochina not go behind the Iron Curtain. Truman, US president from to January From the United States, determined to halt the growth of communism in Asia, backed the return of the French in Vietnam. This was not universally popular with Americans, many of whom despised colonialism and believed that Asian nations should be free to govern themselves.

But in Washington, the revival of French colonialism in Indochina was seen a lesser evil than communist-ruled Vietnam. France, after all, was a democratic capitalist state and an important Cold War ally.

The Viet Minh, on the other hand, could not be trusted. The movement was riddled with communists and both its motives and political loyalties were unclear. He mouthed the slogans of a nationalist but Washington considered him a communist.

American involvement in the vietnam war in 1968

American administrators also turned a blind eye when Paris diverted some Marshall Plan funds to supply the war in Indochina. French forces in Vietnam were using ships and aircraft on loan from the US. American delegates attended the Geneva conference of April-Julyhowever, they did not sign the final agreement.

Washington by then had decided to back a nationalist, democratic state in southern Vietnam. With American aid and support, South Vietnam would provide a buffer against communists further north. The Geneva Accords arranged for a two-year division of Vietnam until elections and reunification in ; the Americans wanted this temporary division to become permanent.

Washington searched for an indigenous Vietnamese leader with pro-Western, anti-communist values to take charge in South Vietnam. They found a candidate in Ngo Dinh Diema minor political figure who had been living in North America since American politicians and policymakers took a shine to Diem; he seemed exactly the person needed to lead South Vietnam and transform it into a bulwark against communism.Feb 22,  · Vietnamization was a strategy that aimed to reduce American involvement in the Vietnam War by transferring all military responsibilities to South Vietnam.

The increasingly unpopular war . U.S.

American involvement in the vietnam war in 1968

Involvement in the Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive, In late January, , during the lunar new year (or “Tet”) holiday, North Vietnamese and communist Viet Cong forces launched a coordinated attack against a number of targets in South initiativeblog.com U.S.

and South Vietnamese militaries sustained heavy losses before finally repelling . America's official military involvement in the Vietnam War lasted from to , 10 long years.

Prior to American involvement in the region Vietnam was a French colonial territory.

American involvement in Vietnam began during World War II, increased in the s and reached its peak in the late s. The United States’ interest in Asia escalated in late , after Japanese planes attacked Pearl Harbour and Washington responded by declaring war on Japan. Feb 22,  · Vietnamization was a strategy that aimed to reduce American involvement in the Vietnam War by transferring all military responsibilities to South Vietnam. The increasingly unpopular war . January 23, - Senator J. William Fulbright publishes The Arrogance of Power a book critical of American war policy in Vietnam advocating direct peace talks between the South Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong. By this time, Fulbright and President Johnson are .

The Vietnamese people were generally oppressed under French rule both prior to WWII and after. The role of the United States in the Vietnam War began after World War II and escalated into full commitment during the Vietnam War from to The U.S.

involvement in South Vietnam stemmed from 20 long years of political and economic action. U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive, In late January, , during the lunar new year (or “Tet”) holiday, North Vietnamese and communist Viet Cong forces launched a coordinated attack against a number of targets in South Vietnam.

Role of the United States in the Vietnam War - Wikipedia

July 3, - Three American prisoners of war are released by Hanoi. July 19, - President Johnson and South Vietnam's President Thieu meet in Hawaii. August 8, - Richard M. Nixon is chosen as the Republican presidential candidate and promises "an honorable end to the war in Vietnam.".

Role of the United States in the Vietnam War - Wikipedia