For example, some writers will call their personal essay a story, and others will call their essay a memoir.
Simile - contrasting to seemingly unalike things to enhance the meaning of a situation or theme using like or as What happens to a dream deferred, does it dry up like a raisin in the sun Hyperbole - exaggeration I have a million things to do today.
Personification - giving non-human objects human characteristics America has thrown her hat into the ring, and will be joining forces with the British. Foot - grouping of stressed and unstressed syllables used in line or poem Iamb - unstressed syllable followed by stressed Made famous by the Shakespearian sonnet, closest to the natural rhythm of human speech How do I love thee?
The iamb stumbles through my books; trochees rush and tumble; while anapest runs like a hurrying brook; dactyls are stately and classical. Remember, though the most immediate forms of imagery are visual, strong and effective imagery can be used to invoke an emotional, sensational taste, touch, smell etc or even physical response.
Suspense - The tension that the author uses to create a feeling of discomfort about the unknown Conflict - Struggle between opposing forces.
Exposition - Background information regarding the setting, characters, plot. Point of View - pertains to who tells the story and how it is told.
The point of view of a story can sometimes indirectly establish the author's intentions. Narrator - The person telling the story who may or may not be a character in the story.
Second person - Narrator addresses the reader directly as though she is part of the story. Does not assume character's perspective and is not a character in the story. The narrator reports on events and lets the reader supply the meaning.
Omniscient - All-knowing narrator multiple perspectives. The narrator knows what each character is thinking and feeling, not just what they are doing throughout the story. This type of narrator usually jumps around within the text, following one character for a few pages or chapters, and then switching to another character for a few pages, chapters, etc.
Rhythm is the juxtaposition of stressed and unstressed beats in a poem, and is often used to give the reader a lens through which to move through the work.
See meter and foot Setting - the place or location of the action.
The setting provides the historical and cultural context for characters. It often can symbolize the emotional state of characters.
Speaker - the person delivering the poem. Remember, a poem does not have to have a speaker, and the speaker and the poet are not necessarily one in the same.
Structure fiction - The way that the writer arranges the plot of a story. Repeated elements in action, gesture, dialogue, description, as well as shifts in direction, focus, time, place, etc. Structure poetry - The pattern of organization of a poem.
For example, a Shakespearean sonnet is a line poem written in iambic pentameter. Because the sonnet is strictly constrained, it is considered a closed or fixed form.1 Outline Structure for Literary Analysis Essay I.
Catchy Title II. Paragraph 1: Introduction (Use HATMAT) A. Hook B. Author C. Title D. Main characters E. A short summary F. Thesis III. Paragraph 2: First Body Paragraph. Short Story Characteristics The short story is a concise form of narrative prose that is usually simpler and more direct compared to longer works of fiction such as novels.
Therefore, because of their short length, short stories rely on many forms of literary devices to convey the idea of a uniform theme seen throughout the script. Short stories are a form of literature, one that generally encapsulates a single episode or self-contained incident with a smaller cast of characters.
In many ways, writers of short stories employ many of the same devices as that of the novel, but are not as long. - An Article, a Short Story, and a Poem This paper will analyze and compare an article, a short story, and a poem according to; audience, purpose, context, ethics, and stance. The article “Under the Volcano” is written by Jack McClintock and is the most informative.
Find details about every creative writing competition—including poetry contests, short story competitions, essay contests, awards for novels, grants for translators, and more—that we’ve published in the Grants & Awards section of Poets & Writers Magazine during the past year.
We carefully review the practices and policies of each contest . Essay definition, a short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, usually in prose and generally analytic, speculative, or interpretative.