Full Answer For the West, the ancient Greek experimentation with democracy is exceptionally important. Athens, in particular, served as an incubator for democratic ideals and the institutionalization of assemblies elected by the people. It was Athens which also offered the first surviving Western law codes.
Continue reading for more on each of these contributions by ancient Greece. Democracy According to Merriam-Webster, a democracy is a government by the people "in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.
Athens started out with a monarchy and then advanced to an oligarchy until it finally reached a democracy. The democratic government consisted of 6, assembly members, all of whom were adult male citizens.
The assembly voted on issues throughout Athens. In order for a law to pass, the number of votes needed to be a majority.
But in order to banish or exile someone, all 6, votes were needed. Today, at least in the United States, we use a democratic system. But instead of a direct democracy, we have a representative democracy in which the citizens democratically vote on who should make the decisions in the country.
The Alphabet Derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, the greek alphabet was the first alphabet in the western sense of the word, featuring distinct letters for vowels and consonants. It was developed after the Dark Ages and consisted of 24 letters, ordered from alpha to omega. Believe it or not, the word "alphabet" originates from the first 2 letters of the Greek alphabet: Today many letters of our modern alphabet originate from the Greek alphabet, including letters such as A, B, E, and O.
The Greek originally had a single form of each letter, but created upper case and lower case versions of the letters later. Artistic rendering of the Library of Alexandria, based on some archaeological evidence.
Von Corven Source 3. The Library The first library in the world, the library of Alexandria, was actually built in Egypt. The Macedonians started spreading the Greek way of life to all of the conquered lands, including Egypt. Ptolemy ordered the construction of a library which would contain overscrolls of work.
There was also a rule that all ships passing through the Alexandrian harbor had to declare if they had any works of science or philosophy. If they did, the work was copied and placed in the library, and the original copy would be returned to the captain. Because of this accumulation of knowledge, many great discoveries took place in the library.
For example, Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the earth and drew up plans for steam power. Today we have many libraries all over the world with billions of works of literature, but the first library in the world was the library of Alexandria.
The participants were the city-states of Ancient Greece and its colonies. The Olympic Games were held every four years in honor of Zeus, the king god.
The prizes for winning were fame and glory. Today we still celebrate the Olympic Games and continue some of the old traditions, such as the olive leaf crowns, the lighting of the flame, and the opening and closing celebrations.
Greece also held other games such as the Ptythian Games, which were held in honor of Apollo, the sun god, and the Isthmian Games, which were held in honor of Poseidon, the sea god. Coubertin, seeing an opportunity to bring the world together through sport, revived the Olympics by founding the International Olympic Committee IOC on June 23,and the modern Olympic Games were born.
The first games put on by the IOC were held in Athens during the summer of The Summer Olympics brought together 14 nations and athletes who competed in 43 events.
What Is the Meaning of the Olympic Rings? The symbol of the rings, which are interlocked and colored yellow, black, green and red with a white background, were designed by Baron Pierre de Coubertin in The colors of the rings along with the white background were intended to represent the five participating continents: Africa, Asia, America, Oceania and Europe.
They also composed the colors of the flags of all the participating countries at the time.Welcome to initiativeblog.com. The best place to listen to Greek music, discuss about the latest news in Greece, ask anything about Greece or Greeks and immerse yourself in the Greek initiativeblog.com is a comprehensive internet guide to Greece and the Greek culture.
Greek art and architecture has also been enormously influential. Greek attention to the beauty of human form has influenced Western portraiture and sculpting profoundly, seeing renewed popularity in eras such as the Renaissance and Neo-Classical period.
The term “prehistoric” refers to the time before written history. In the West, writing was invented in ancient Mesopotamia just before B.C.E., so this period includes visual culture (paintings, sculpture, and architecture) made before that date.
Apr 22, · The culture of Greece was evolved over thousands of years, and is widely considered to be the cradle of modern Western culture. This is because political systems and procedures such as democracy, trial by jury and lawful equality originated initiativeblog.coms: Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, and European civilization, is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
Transcript of Greek Mythology's Influence on Today's Western Culture Introduction Language Discussion Question Branding, Advertising & Media Athletics Greek .