Philippine electricity

Electricity information for other places Electricity in Philippines is Volts, alternating at 60 cycles per second. If you travel to Philippines with a device that does not accept Volts at 60 Hertz, you will need a voltage converter.

Philippine electricity

Power transmission[ edit ] Power transmission in the Philippines is a common carrier business i. It is regulated by the ERC who has rate-making powers and the final say in the Philippine electricity of transmission assets.

It assumed control of the national transmission system from the National Transmission Corporation TransCo[10] whom assumed the same function from the now defunct National Power Corporation, by way of RA its congressional franchise of 25 years renewable for another 25 years for a total of 50 years.

Unlike outright sale, the concession agreement allowed the government to keep ownership of the transmission assets through TransCo, in accordance with Section 8 of EPIRA which states that no entity, company, or person other than TransCo who shall own any transmission facilities.

One characteristic of the grids is that most bulk generation sites are found far from the load centers, necessitating use of long-distance transmission lines. A major transmission line of the Luzon Grid is the overhead Sucat-Araneta-Balintawak Transmission Linewhich serves the Metro Manila area and has been in service since The Visayas Grid is composed of five small grids sub-grid connected with submarine cables, but arranged in a radial configuration, that may disconnect one sub-grid in case a fault develop on one submarine cable interconnection.

The National Grid Corporation of the Philippines placed proposals for submarine cable links between Visayas and Mindanao, to Philippine electricity the three principal grids, [16] and between off-grid Mindoro and Luzon, to increase power reliability in the off-grid island.

Resiliency and security[ edit ] The Philippines transmission grids are prone to natural disasters, aging that causes the steel and wood towers to corrode or decay, and grid security is compromised by squatters and insurgent groups.

Squatters, or "informal settlers", pose a danger to transmission lines and a hindrance to line maintenance, especially in Metro Manila. The Mindanao Grid is prone to sabotage, led by insurgent groups and unknown assailants, and many transmission towers have been damaged or collapsed from consecutive bombings, that may cause a cascading failure of the grid.

Wood poles remain in use, especially in the 69, volt systems, but are prone to decay and natural disasters, especially typhoons and earthquakes, and many are being replaced with more stable steel or concrete poles or a newer wood pole in some places.

National Grid Corporation of the Philippines[ edit ] The National Grid Corporation of the Philippines NGCP is the transmission system operator for three grids constituting the Philippine grid and as a franchise holder, it is in charge of operating, maintaining, and developing the country's state-owned power grid.

List of electric distribution utilities in the Philippines Electricity line post in Tagaytay The circulation of electricity to end-users is a controlled common carrier business requiring a national franchise. Distribution of electric power to all end-users or consumers of electricity may be handled by private distribution utilities, cooperatives, local government units presently undertaking this function and other duly authorized entities, under the regulation of the ERC.

They are required to provide open and non-discriminatory access to its distribution system to all users. Retail rates charged by distribution utilities are subject to regulation of the ERC under the principle of full recovery.

Under full recovery, distribution utilities subdivide their retail rate into two distinct categories, namely pass through charges and wheeling charges.

Pass through charge follows the principle of full economic recovery where a distribution utility may pass on all the charges it incurred in the distribution of power such as the price of the power, transmission charge, systems loss charge, etc.

The wheeling charge is an additional premium charged to the customer akin to a mark-up on the cost of power acquired by the distribution utility. The wheeling charge follows the principle of reasonable return on base RORB which allows the distribution utility to operate viably as determined by the ERC.

According to the National Electrification Administration NEAthe distribution sector is composed of electric cooperatives, 16 privately owned utilities and six local government-owned utilities as of NEA, the government agency in charge of implementing programs to reinforce the technical capability and financial viability of rural electric cooperatives, may act as guarantor for purchases of electricity in the WESM by any electric cooperative or small distribution utility to support their credit standing.

Currently, Meralco is the Philippines' largest distribution utility with a franchise area of 9, square kilometers covering Metro Manilathe entire provinces of BulacanRizal and Caviteparts of the provinces of LagunaQuezon and Batangasand 17 barangays in Pampanga.

The franchise area is home to 23 million people, roughly a quarter of the entire Philippine population of 89 million. Power distribution outside the Metro Manila area is handled by private distribution utilities and electric cooperatives.

Electric Cooperatives ECs [ edit ] Electric Cooperatives ECs are entities owned by the member-consumers within the vicinity covered by the said entity.

These are controlled by a Board of Directors elected by member-consumers and their management and operations supervised by the National Electrification Administration. Electric cooperatives of the Philippines Private Distribution Utilities PDUs [ edit ] Private Distribution Utilities are electric distribution companies that are owned by private entities.

As ofthere are 24 private-investor owned electric distribution companies in the Philippines.Posts about Philippine Electricity Market Corporation. Billy Navaira is at Philippine Electricity Market Corporation.

Philippine electricity

Sp S on S so S red S · September 20 · Pasig, Philippines · # OnsiteSupportDuty. Philippine Electricity Market Corporation. Business Center · Pasig, Philippines.

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Electricity information for other places. Electricity in Philippines is Volts, alternating at 60 cycles per second. If you travel to Philippines with a device that does not accept Volts at 60 Hertz, you will need a voltage converter.

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BusinessWorld | Philippine power generation capacity has been reduced under WESM