Samuel stanhope smith essay

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Samuel stanhope smith essay

In his mid-twenties, he worked as a missionary in Virginiaand from tohe served as the founder and rector of Hampden—Sydney Collegewhich he referred to in his advertisement of 1 September as "an Academy in Prince Edward.

President of Princeton Smith studied under president Witherspoon, married Witherspoon's daughter, returned to Princeton as a professor inand succeeded Witherspoon as president in The situation during the winter semester of under Smith's presidency was characterized by little or no faculty-student rapport or communication, crowded conditions, and strict school rules - a combination that led to a student riot on 31 March-1 April College authorities denounced it as a sign of moral decay.

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Smith was active in the affairs of the Presbyterian Church and served as moderator of the 11th General Assembly in Smith was an urbane and cultivated man who sought, in the tradition of Witherspoon, to maintain orthodoxy while opposing tendencies toward rigidity and obscurantism.

His efforts were unsuccessful, and he was forced to resign from his office in as a result of criticism from within the church. In his efforts to reconcile reason and revelation Smith left himself vulnerable to charges of rationalism and Arminianism.

An empiricist in his anthropology and a Lamarckian before Lamarckhe sought to mediate between science and religious orthodoxy. The second edition of his Essay on the Causes of Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species became important as a powerful argument against the increasing racism of 19th-century ethnology.

An example he provides involves "the blacks in the southern states. In Smith's essay titled Essay on the Causes of Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species, Smith claimed that Negro pigmentation was nothing more than a huge freckle that covered the whole body as a result of an oversupply of bile, which was caused by tropical climates.

The quote as given,"True religion, and true philosophy must ultimately arrive at the same principle.

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Jacob Halsey and Co. Lectures on the Evidences of the Christian Religion. Enlightened Conservative" Journal of the History of Ideas 17 4: Princeton and the Republic, Noll, Princeton and the Republic, ; M.

Bradbury, "Samuel Stanhope Smith:Smith, Samuel Stanhope An Essay on the Causes of the Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species. An essay on the causes of the variety of complexion and figure in the human species by Smith, Samuel Stanhope and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at .

May 11,  · Human skin pigmentation as an adaptation to UV radiation. Nina G. Jablonski 1 and George Chaplin Samuel Stanhope Smith's observation of a correlation between latitude, Smith SS, Jordan W-D. An Essay on the Causes of the Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species.

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Samuel Stanhope Smith must have known the sad ending to White Eyes’s Princeton career, but he changed barely a word of his enthusiastic account in the Essay’s edition. During the intervening decades, Smith’s ideas about racial ‘improvement’ had been reworked on a national scale.

Samuel stanhope smith essay

By: Smith, Samuel Stanhope, Published: () An essay on the causes of the variety of complexion and figure in the human species to which are added, animadversions on certain remarks made on the first edition of this essay, by Mr. Charles White, in a series of discourses delivered before the Literary and Philosophical Society of.

Samuel Stanhope Smith, An Essay on the Causes of the Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species, ed.

Samuel Stanhope Smith - Wikipedia

Winthrop Jordan (Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, ), 3. Interestingly, Wollstonecraft does cite Blake's figure of "the human face divine" in her Scandinavian letters.

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