The rule of law means that it is not left to the discretion of those in executive power to decide what actions to approve and what actions to condemn.
In the setting of the dialogue, Socrates has been condemned to die, and Crito comes with both the hopes and the means for Socrates to escape from prison.
When Socrates insists that they should examine whether he should escape or not, the central question turns into whether if it is unjust to disobey laws. However, the examination in Crito was incompletely and its logic flawed; in making this decision, Socrates has forsaken his life for his ideal of justice.
The examination was done in the elenchus, which has the structure that Socrates will start with an assumption and find contradictions to eliminate possible answers; the assumption here is that there are good reasons why Socrates should escape from prison.
Socrates starts his argument by first eliminating the public opinion as a reason why he should escape. Next Socrates assumes that since Socrates crito essays a good life is worth living, and that living a good life is the same as living a just life Crito 48bSocrates should escape for his life only if it is just for him to do so.
Effectively, Socrates has reduced the question to whether if it is just to disobey the law by escaping prison and execution to decide if he should escape.
To this question, first Socrates says that Socrates crito essays should not revenge injustice. Because doing injustice is bad in any circumstances Crito 49bto return injustice just because of having injustice done onto himself would bad also Crito 49c. Therefore Socrates should not commit injustice just to get even with Athens.
Injustice is bad because it harms, and disobedience to the law would harm the city Crito 50b ; so it seems that to disobey the law would be an injustice. But why should Socrates obey the law of the city?
Socrates reasons that since the city has done him great benefactions, such as giving birth to his life, taking care of his physical upbringing and his education, and granting him long years of benefits from the legal system Crito 50e — 51cSocrates owns the state a strong duty of gratitude just as a child would own to his father.
One of those duties is to obey the state like how a child obeys his parentswhich always has included the possibility of death such as in times of war Crito 51b. Socrates should obey the city because he has made an agreement to do so. This agreement is the social contract that he has implicitly accepted and lived under for 70 years.
This contract is legitimate because Socrates had a thorough understanding of the legal system Crito 51e — 52ahe did not leave the city when he was given the fair chance all his life Crito 51 c-eand that he even has consciously benefited legally from this implicit agreement with law all his life.
Therefore it is evident that Socrates has made such a social contract with Athens, which he has been satisfied with so far. It is just for one to keep the agreement he has made, therefore Socrates should keep the agreement made with Athens; and thus he should obey the state and its laws Crito 53c.
Following this reasoning, Socrates concludes that he should not escape from prison and his eventual execution. Socrates lacks the definition of justice throughout the discussion of justice.
Socrates certainly thinks of justice as something intrinsic and absolute, instead of simply laws imposed by the state; this is evident when he refused to arrest Leon of Salamis by the order of the 30 tyrants which is an act of disobedience on the grounds of justice Apology 32c.
Clearly he believes that justice is higher than rulings of sovereignty. It is because of this lack of definition Socrates ends up contradicting himself. For instance, Socrates makes the proposition that one should seek expert knowledge instead of following majority opinion when it comes to justice; this would imply that the justice is not related to the opinion of the majority, as well as that the majority are no expert in justice.
If the social contract in the democratic Athens is assumed to be an agreement made between by the majority of the society, then justice is certainly independent from that social contract. Furthermore, Socrates assumes that disobeying laws and agreements is unjust.
But what is the state? It is no more than a collective of Athenians. Where do these laws come from? If he considers justice to be morally independent of laws, then some laws would be just and other unjust. There could be unjust laws, or just laws abused.He speaks of Socrates in his works including the Apology, Phaedo, Crito, and Symposium.
He was frequently described as being mystic, although we aren't positive on what that means. You are not wise until you see the ignorance in yourself.
Plato crito socrates argument essay. By. quotes on essay a rainy day methanethiol synthesis essay antiauxochrome beispiel essay literature review vs essay the essays francis bacon summary of beowulf average word count essay essay on fahrenheit characters physical description.
The son of wealthy and influential Athenian parents, Plato began his philosophical career as a student of initiativeblog.com the master died, Plato travelled to Egypt and Italy, studied with students of Pythagoras, and spent several years advising the ruling family of initiativeblog.comally, he returned to Athens and established his own school of .
Plato creates a dialogue in the Critobetween Socrates, who faces a death sentence, and Crito, Socrates? distressed friend. Crito has come to persuade Socratesto escape death and flee Athens, but Socratesconvinces his friend that complying with the death sentence is more important than any of Crito?s concerns/5(5).
Socratic Ignorance in Democracy, the Free Market, and Science. Democracy. Much controversy continues over Socrates's attitude towards democracy. I.F.
|plato essays: examples, topics, questions, thesis statement||We are neither affiliated with the author of this essay nor responsible for its content. The dialogue Crito, by Plato, recounts the last days of Socrates, immediately before his execution was going to take place in Athens.|
Stone, embarrassed that the first democracy should have killed a man for exercising freedom of speech and freedom of religion, attempted to justify this by going after Socrates as an enemy of democracy (The Trial of Socrates.
Doctrine Crito, as reported by Plato, is an history by where Crito is trying to act upon Socrates that it is merely to get away from prison to avoid certain decease by executing.