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Common causes[ edit ] Common causes of occupational fatalities include falls, machine-related incidents, motor vehicle accidents, electrocution, falling objects, homicides and suicides. Oftentimes, occupational fatalities can be prevented. Lack of appropriate employee training and failure to provide and enforce the use of safety equipment are frequent contributors to occupational fatalities.
In some cases, employees do receive safety training, but language barriers prevent the employee from fully understanding the safety procedures.
Incidents can also be the result of insufficient supervision of inexperienced employees or employees who have taken on a responsibility for which they are not properly trained.
Poor worksite organization, staffing and scheduling issues, unworkable policies and practices and workplace culture can all play a role in occupational fatalities.
An incident leading to an occupational fatality is generally not the fault of a single person, but the result of a combination of many human and environmental factors. Bureau of Labor Statistics on the demographics of deaths at work do not imply that age and gender are in themselves causative factors of fatality, but simply show that fatalities occur more frequently among certain groups.
Age[ edit ] Although all workers are at risk for occupational fatalities, elderly workers age 65 and older are roughly three times more likely to die at work. The industries with the highest death rates are mining, agriculture, forestry, fishing, and construction, all of which employ more men than women.
Prevention of occupational fatalities depends on the understanding that worker safety is not only the responsibility of the worker, but is the primary responsibility of the employer.
Employers must train all employees in the appropriate safety procedures and maintain a safe working environment so that fatalities are less likely to occur.
As a result, it is imperative that an employer address all the potential [risk] factors at the workplace and educate all employees in safe work practices and risk awareness. In order to perform adequate risk assessment of injuries that occur in the workplace, health and safety professionals use resources such as the Haddon Matrix.
This model assesses the risks leading up to, during, and after a death in order to prevent future incidents of a similar nature. Employers and employees can learn how to identify risk factors in their work environment in order to avoid incidents that may result in death.
Research, regulation, reporting and recommendations[ edit ] The regulatory organization for occupational injury control and prevention is the Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA. Formed in as an agency of the United States Department of Labor under the Occupational Safety and Health ActOSHA exists to prevent occupational injuries and deaths by creating and enforcing standards in the workplace.
OSHA standards address employee training programs, safety equipment, employer record keeping and proper maintenance of the work environment.
Failure to comply with the OSHA standards can result in workplace inspections and legal action including citations and fines. Occupational fatalities must be reported to OSHA within eight hours of the incident.
Failure to do so can result in legal action against the employer. Employers are responsible for staying current on OSHA standards and enforcing them in their own workplace.
It is not the responsibility of the employee to stay current on the OSHA standards. NIOSH analyzes workplace injury and illness data from all fifty states as well as provides support for state-based projects in occupational health and safety.
The primary responsibilities of the state FACE programs are to track occupational fatalities in their state, investigate select fatalities, and provide recommendations for prevention.
As part of the prevention efforts, FACE programs also produce extensive prevention education materials that are disseminated to employees, employers, unionsand state organizations. Department of Labor, compiles national fatality statistics. CFOI is the key, comprehensive system in the surveillance of occupational fatalities in the United States.
Many other non-governmental organizations also work to prevent occupational fatalities.A. A1C A form of hemoglobin used to test blood sugars over a period of time.
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