The geography and politics of ireland

See Article History Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdomlying in the northeastern quadrant of the island of Irelandon the western continental periphery often characterized as Atlantic Europe. Northern Ireland is sometimes referred to as Ulsteralthough it includes only six of the nine counties which made up that historic Irish province.

The geography and politics of ireland

Norlin Airlann is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom. Situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland, it shares a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west. Northern Ireland consists of six of the nine counties of the Irish province of Ulster.

It was created as a distinct division of the The geography and politics of ireland Kingdom on 3 May under the Government of Ireland Actthough its constitutional roots lie in the Act of Union between Great Britain and Ireland.

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For over 50 years it had its own devolved government and parliament. These institutions were suspended in and abolished in Repeated attempts to restore self-government finally resulted in the establishment of the present-day Northern Ireland Executive and Northern Ireland Assembly.

The Assembly operates on consociational democracy principles requiring cross-community support. Northern Ireland was for many years the site of a violent and bitter ethno-political conflict — the Troubles — caused by divisions between nationalists, who are predominantly Roman Catholic, and unionists, who are predominantly Protestant.

Unionists want Northern Ireland to remain part of the United Kingdom,[9] while nationalists wish it to be politically reunited with the rest of Ireland. Since the signing of the "Good Friday Agreement" inmost of the paramilitary groups involved in the Troubles have ceased their armed campaigns.

Due to its unique history, the issue of the symbolism, name and description of Northern Ireland is complex, and similarly the issue of citizenship and identity. In general, Unionists consider themselves British and Nationalists see themselves as Irish, though these identities are not necessarily mutually exclusive.

From serving as the bedrock of Irish resistance in the era of the plantations of Queen Elizabeth and James I in other parts of Ireland, it became the subject of major planting of Scottish and English settlers after the Flight of the Earls in when the Gaelic aristocracy fled to Catholic Europe.

The all-island Kingdom of Ireland — merged into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in under the terms of the Act of Union, under which the kingdoms of Ireland and Great Britain merged under a government and parliament based in London.

Unionists were in a minority on the island of Ireland as a whole, but were a majority in the northern province of Ulster, a very large majority in the counties of Antrim and Down, small majorities in the counties of Armagh and Londonderry. There were substantial numbers also concentrated in the nationalist-majority counties of Fermanagh and Tyrone.

These six counties later formed Northern Ireland. The clash between the House of Commons and House of Lords over the controversial budget of Chancellor of the Exchequer David Lloyd-George produced the Parliament Actwhich enabled the veto of the Lords to be overturned.

Ireland, Republic of

Given that the Lords had been the unionists' main guarantee that a home rule act would not be enacted, because of the majority of pro-unionist peers in the House, the Parliament Act made Home Rule a more likely prospect.

Opponents to Home Rule, from Conservative Party leaders like Andrew Bonar Law to militant unionists in Ireland, threatened the use of violence, producing the Larne Gun Running incident inwhen they smuggled thousands of rifles and rounds of ammunition from Imperial Germany for the Ulster Volunteers.

The prospect of civil war in Ireland loomed.

The geography and politics of ireland

Its implementation was suspended for the duration of the intervening First World War, which was expected to last only a few weeks, but, in fact, lasted four years. By the end of the war, the Act was seen as dead in the water, with public opinion in the majority nationalist community having moved from a demand for home rule to independence.

David Lloyd George in proposed a new bill which would divide Ireland into two Home Rule areas, twenty-six counties being ruled from Dublin, six being ruled from Belfast, with a shared Lord Lieutenant of Ireland appointing both executives and a Council of Ireland, which Lloyd George believed would evolve into an all-Ireland parliament.

The island of Ireland was partitioned in under the terms of the Government of Ireland Act Six of the nine Ulster counties four with a unionist majority, two with a nationalist majority in the north-east formed Northern Ireland and the remaining three counties including County Donegal, which had a large Protestant minority and was the most northern county in all of Ireland joined those of Leinster, Munster and Connacht to form Southern Ireland.

Whilst Southern Ireland had only a brief existence between anda period dominated by the Anglo-Irish War and its aftermath, Northern Ireland was to continue on. However, as expected, the Parliament of Northern Ireland, later termed a Protestant Parliament for a Protestant people, chose, under the terms of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, to opt out of the Irish Free State the following day.

Though leaders in Dublin expected a substantial reduction in the territory of Northern Ireland with nationalist border areas moving to the Free Statethe Boundary Commission decided against this; in fact the unpublished report had recommended that land should be ceded from Southern Ireland to Northern Ireland.

The British did not inform the Government of Northern Ireland that they had made the offer to the Dublin government, and De Valera's rejection was not publicised until Geography of Ireland. Ireland is an island located in North Western Europe and in the North Atlantic Ocean.

It lies on the European continental shelf (the Eurasian Plate part) and it takes up most of the island with Northern Ireland (which it belongs to the United Kingdom).

Page | 1 Mapping Postcolonial Ireland: The Political Geography of Brian Friel’s Translations 1 Abstract: While political geography has long been concerned with the politicization of maps in the real world, academic interest is turning to the significance of maps for literary texts.

Northern Ireland | Geography, Facts, & Points of Interest |

Ireland's central lowlands of flat rolling plains are dissected by bogs, loughs (lakes) and rivers, and surrounded by hills and low mountains. The major mountain ranges include the Blackstairs, Bluestack, Comeragh, Derryveagh, Macgillycuddy's Reeks, Nephinbeg, Ox, Silvermines, Slieve Mish, Twelve Pins, and .

Political map of Ireland, showing the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland Main article: Politics of Ireland Politically, the island is divided between the Republic of Ireland, an independent state, and Northern Ireland (a constituent country of the United Kingdom).Largest city: Dublin (pop.

,). select article The politics of accommodation, social change and conflict resolution in Northern Ireland Research article Full text access The politics of accommodation, social change and .

GEOGRAPHY Ireland is an island nation on the westernmost edge of Europe. It is the continent's second largest island (after Great Britain). The Republic of Ireland occupies 80 percent of this landmass, while a large chunk of land in the north is part of the United Kingdom..

Ireland is known for its wide expanses of lush, green fields.

Ireland | History, Geography, Map, & Culture |